Countries that start with ‘i’ include Iraq, Iran, Ireland, and Indonesia. It is difficult to generalize about all of these countries because they each have their own specific characteristics and human rights issues. For example, Ireland has historically been a country where oppression of minority groups was rampant; however, today the country has seen a reduction in the severity and intensity of such things.
Iceland is a country in North America. It has about 300,000 people and they speak Icelandic. Iceland is close to Greenland, Norway, and the Faroe Islands. Iceland is about seven times the size of Washington D.C. Iceland has two climates: arctic and subarctic. There are many volcanoes in Iceland, including Eyjafjallajökull which erupted in 2010.
India is one of the most populated countries in the world. It is also one of the oldest civilizations and also one of the most diverse with a combination of indigenous, Celtic, Islamic, and Asian cultures. While Hinduism has been the dominant religion for centuries, Islam and Christianity have increased their presence in recent years. The country’s government is a federal parliamentary republic and operates as a democracy.
With a population of approximately 250 million, the Republic of Indonesia is the 4th most populous country in the world. The diverse country consists of 13 provinces, many islands, and 5 major island groups. Due to its equatorial location, Indonesia has a year-round warm tropical climate with heavy rainfall. This diversity ensures that the country has some of the richest biodiversity on Earth with over three-quarters of species being unique to Indonesia.
Iran, also known as Persia, is a country located in the Middle East. It is often referred to as “The Islamic Republic of Iran” because it is governed by Islamic law. The country has been ruled for 3 years by an extremist regime that has enacted many strict and repressive policies. These policies have left many Iranians frustrated and without hope for the future.
Iraq is a country in the Middle East that experienced radical political changes in 2003 after U.S. troops invaded, overthrew Saddam Hussein’s government, and occupied the country. In April 2003, Iraq became a divided nation with sectarian violence at an all-time high. Since 2003, about 110,000 civilians have been killed in Iraq.
Ireland is an island country in North-West Europe with a population of 4 million. It has two official languages – Irish and English – and is predominantly Catholic. Ireland’s capital is Dublin and the largest city is Belfast. The island was historically called “The Emerald Isle” because of its lush landscape and green pastures, after the emerald color that sometimes appears on its coast.
Italy is a country in south-central Europe. It borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The country has a population of 60 million people, but it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with one million inhabitants per square kilometer. Italy’s nominal gross domestic product (GDP) for 2017 was $1.5 trillion and its GDP per capita was $35,900.